Are you underweight ? If so, then why?
Being underweight can represent as many health concerns to an individual as being overweight can . If you are skinny or underweight along with that you are feeling fit or energetic that means you are healthy and It can be your metabolism and structure .
But, If a person is underweight, and also getting sick frequently , their body may not be getting the nutrients it needs to build healthy bones, skin, and hair. If the healthy weight calculator has told you that you may be underweight .
BMI = weight (kg) / [height (m)]2
A person can calculate their BMI by visiting the CDC’s Adult BMI Calculator. Ranges for BMI include:
Underweight: less than 18.5
Normal/healthy weight: 18.5 to 24.9
Overweight: 25.0 to 29.9
Obese: 30 or higher
Here are some reasons for being underweight:
If there is iron deficiency, that means the person doesn’t have appetite to eat , if he / she doesn’t eat then he /she cannot have muscles.
Scientists say that some people have a naturally low BMI due to physical characteristics that run in their family.
Too much physical activities
Increased physical activity without an increase in food intake may result into underweight . Athletes or people who engage in high levels of physical activity, such as runners, may burn significant amounts of calories that result in low body weight.
Lack of intake calories
Irregular habits of eating and poor selection of foods leading to inadequate nutrient and calorie intake which in result makes you underweight.
If you feel anxious or worried when you think about food and feel that stress or low self esteems are affecting the way you eat . So ,you may have an eating disorder
Being underweight is associated with certain medical conditions, including type 1 diabetes, hyperthyroidism, cancer, and tuberculosis. People with gastrointestinal or liver problems may be unable to absorb nutrients adequately.
Pschological & Neurological disorder
Psychological factors like in patients with mental illness or anorexia nervosa who refuse to eat adequately. Poor mental health can affect a person’s ability to eat, including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia. Each of these conditions can affect a person’s body image and appetite.
When to see a doctor?
If you are eating too much , and still you are not gaining weight. So you have to get checked for two things:
The person might have been hyper thyroid , where metabolism is very high and you looses lots of weight .
Vitamin B deficiency
In which the absorption of nutrition doesn’t take place, that results into getting underweight.
And also, if you’re experiencing any effects of ill health due to being unable to gain weight, such as missed periods or irregular periods should also see a doctor . Women who are underweight may not have regular periods, they may find menstruation stops, or an adolescent’s first period may be delayed or absent. Irregular or absent menstruation can cause infertility.