is PCOS a disease? Are PCOD and PCOS the same? A lot of women especially the younger ones out there are struggling with the same question. Hence the answer to their question is NO!! These terms are different.
Let’s understand the difference between PCOD and PCOS.
PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)
All women have two ovaries that release an egg alternately every month. The ovaries produce androgens or male hormones in very small quantities. PCOD is a condition where the ovaries release a lot of immature or partially-mature eggs which eventually turn into cysts. Some of the common symptoms are abdominal weight gain, irregular periods, male pattern hair loss, and infertility. In this condition, the ovaries usually become enlarged and secrete large amounts of androgens that can cause damage to a woman’s fertility and her body.
PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
In women with PCOS, the ovaries produce higher levels of androgen than usual, which interferes with the development and release of the eggs. Some of the eggs develop into cysts, which are the little sacs filled with liquid. Instead of being released during ovulation, these cysts build up in the ovaries and at times even get enlarged.
Doctors don’t know the exact cause of PCOS. Factors that might play a role are:
1) Genetic factors
Some experts suggest that genes might be a reason for this syndrome or disease.
2) Excess androgen
Androgens are sometimes called “male hormones,” although all women make small amounts of androgens. This control the development of male traits, such as male-pattern baldness. Women with PCOS have more androgens than normal. Higher than normal androgen levels in women can prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg during each menstrual cycle and can cause extra hair growth and acne, two signs of PCOS.
3) Excess insulin
Insulin is a hormone the pancreas produces to help the body use sugar from energy foods. When cells can’t use insulin properly then the body’s demand for insulin increases. The pancreas makes more insulin to compensate. As a result, extra insulin triggers the ovaries to produce more male hormones
4) Low-grade inflammation
This term is use to describe white blood cells’ production of substances to fight infection. Research has shown that women with PCOS have a type of low-grade inflammation that stimulates polycystic ovaries to produce androgens, which can lead to heart and blood vessel problems.
- Irregular periods
- Heavy bleeding
- Excess body hair growth
- Female pattern baldness
- Weight changes
- High-stress level
- Sleep apnea
How to get tested and Diagnosed
There is not any single test that can determine the PCOS. But, a doctor can diagnose it using some blood test to measure hormone, glucose, and cholesterol level and through some medical history.
Also, an ultrasound may be used to examine ovaries and uterus.
2) Lifestyle modifications
- A healthy diet
- Weight loss
- Regular exercise
4) Laparoscopic ovarian drilling
Hope fully now you know all the answers to your questions like – is PCOS a disease?, What is the difference between pcod and pcos?, what is pcos meaning?